some of Lowell's useful system configuration
I run FreeBSD, use the bash shell,
and currently run the X.Org version of
the X Window System.
I've broken these files up into categories:
[X-based user utilities and configuration]
[general file handling]
X-based user utilities and configuration
Should be useable under most Unix-ish systems, should be easily adaptable
to most Bourne-like shells (and in the simpler cases, should run
trivially on any shell).
- pops up an xmessage (with a message)
at a specified time (using at(1)) or
after a specified delay (using sleep(1)).
- pops up an xmessage periodically (using sleep(1))
to remind me to get out of my chair.
- biff-like script for checking mail on another system, using
finger. Doesn't actually require X, but I tend to use
xmessage(1) for output.
- Nifty little script that uses ImageMagick to
images of a set of image files, and builds an HTML page of
thumbnails linking to the full-size images.
.xsession starts twm under
ssh-agent, to make ssh authentication pretty painless.
Most of the interactive applications (and the whole window manager
are passed to a shell running under the ssh-agent along with
Just be careful about where you configure agent forwarding to
go: this is a potential security hole.
- A couple of interesting features are using DPMS (to turn off
the screen instead of a screensaver) and displaying a
fortune(1) cookie in its own window at login.
- I use the boring old twm window manager. I've tried others
and found them prettier but no more functional (for me).
Some of my customizations to twm are the reason for this:
I put useful functions on function keys and most of the
applications I use frequently on the middle-mouse-button menu.
I assume these are fairly
See the FreeBSD
handbook (particularly the section on
making the world)
before trying to do these things. Really. Don't build a system from
source unless you know what you're doing; it's not that hard, but it's
easy to destroy your system if you screw up. Such as having a
different arrangement of disk partitions than I do, or hitting an
error condition I never did.
Of course, you want to do these as root.
make buildworld, dumping the output to
- builds a new version of the
/etc files in
/var/tmp [This isn't as useful as it was before
mergemaster(8) came along, but it's still convenient at times.]
- runs cvsup, then does the buildworld/buildkernel (or makes
port index, depending on how you set some flags).
Can usefully be
run off-hours from crontab.
You need to set a flag to get the buildworld, and if you do that, you
need to set a different flag to get the ports index rebuilt (I don't
download the ports index; I build my own to be sure it's in synch and
doesn't include the ports I don't cvsup).
- for doing the installworld in single-user mode. Partition
names are hard-coded in; mounts everything async and noatime
- system backup
- based on Gnu tar and its listed-incremental backup
capability. Handles multiple levels of backups.
I've also developed a
based on dump(8).
I also have a little script
based on split(1)
which I use to break a backup into pieces and burn them to
CDs, along with checksums to verify them.
- is a shell script
that I use to trigger an awk
script. This takes a autofs map (which in my production
environment I get from NIS) and converts it into an amd(8)
configuration, then restarts amd if necessary.
general file handling
- renames a file to the same name but with all lowercase letters
in the file name.
- renames a file to the same name but with all uppercase letters
in the file name.
- renames a series of
files to the same name but with all lowercase letters
in the file name. There's no reason to use this if you
remember how to build a shell loop.
Change filenames to change spaces to underscores: something like:
for a in * ; do b=`echo $a |sed "s/ /_/g"`;mv "$a" "$b" ; done
- picks a random set of MP3 files out of a directory and builds
a regular audio CD with those songs (normalizing the volume).
Depends on cdrecord, normalize, and mpg123, all of which are in
- version the above which copies MP3s into my USB (umass) MP3 player.
Depends on mtools.
- My essay on different goals
for backup strategies.
- System Rescue CD
- is a useful tool after some kinds of disasters. Primarily for
Linux and to some extent Windows. FreeBSD has a fixit disk that
works with the normal install disks, and also FreeSBIE,
An Open Source Operating System for Your Personal Computer"
- by Annelise Anderson, for new users
- The Complete FreeBSD,
- by Greg Lehey,
for (in my estimate) people in between new users and experts.
last modified: 10:57am, Saturday, 20 May 2006 by Lowell Gilbert.